Meditation is the practice of using a technique to train attention and awareness so one can achieve a mentally clear, stable and emotionally calm state. Meditation can reduce stress, anxiety and depression as well as increase self-peace, perception and wellbeing.
A 2017 meta-analysis on the effects of meditation found that practices had a small to medium influence on self-reported and observable outcomes relating empathy, compassion and prosocial behaviors.
The most common way people meditate is to sit down usually on the floor, in a quite place, close eyes and relax breathing. Once in this position there are few different types of meditation you can undertake. Love-Kindness or Metta meditation is used to cultivate an attitude of love and kindness towards everything including sources of stress. Mindful meditation is a form of meditation that urges one to remain aware and present in the moment. The goal of transcendental meditation is to breathe slowly and rise above a person’s current state of being.
Finally, Kundalini yoga is an active form of meditation that blends movement with deep breathing. This can improve physical strength, reduce pain and improve mental wellbeing.
There are numerous other forms of meditation, if you wish to find out more check out https://www.mindful.org/category/meditation/