Ecuador has a vast biodiversity and is in fact one of the most wildlife rich countries in the world, due mainly to its range of different habitats. From the high Andean mountains to the low-lying tropical rainforests and the coastal plains, the differing terrains support a multitude of ecosystems that support an incredible array of wildlife. The country has been labelled as one of the world’s “mega-diversity hotspots”. Nature lovers will thoroughly enjoy touring the natural areas of the country and spotting Ecuador’s wildlife species. The many nature reserves and national parks provide tourists with the ideal opportunity to spot mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and insects. From aquatic creatures to terrestrial animals and arboreal specialists, Ecuador is a land of biodiversity.
The Galapagos Islands area situated in the Pacific Ocean some 1,000 km from the Ecuadorian coast. This archipelago and its immense marine reserve is known as the unique ‘living museum and showcase of evolution’. Its geographical location at the confluence of three ocean currents makes it one of the richest marine ecosystems in the world. Situated in the Pacific Ocean some 1,000 km from the South American continent, these 19 islands and the surrounding marine reserve have been called a unique ‘living museum and showcase of evolution’. Located at the confluence of three ocean currents, the Galápagos are a ‘melting pot’ of marine species.
The Galapagos Islands offers everyone the possibility to enjoy a great variety of activities for all ages, interests, and fitness, ranging from the contemplative to the adventurous, and knowing that in everything you do you will experience the best of the wildlife and nature. The Galapagos are a naturalist’s dream, filled with a diverse array of plant and animal life unique in the world. This includes such exotic flora and fauna as giant cacti, finches, flightless cormorants, and the famed giant tortoise, whose average lifespan of 100 years makes it the longest living vertebrate on earth.